松本先生

arashi_sensei


「嵐」を聞きながら、勉強しましょう!

Let's study while listening to Arashi!


Previous Entry Share
#2: Using すぎる to express "too much".
AS: 相葉先生
lady__ishtar wrote in arashi_sensei
Image and video hosting by TinyPic
Lesson difficulty: 2

EXAMPLE TAKEN FROM "HELLO GOODBYE" @ 00.39

考えすぎはもう体によくない
かんがえすぎはもうからだによくない
Thinking / too much / subj. / interj. / body / towards / not good
Thinking too much just isn't good for your health


To make this form, it's really simple!
Just take the ます form of any verb, take off the 「ます」 and add on the verb すぎる (to surpass, go over).


Don't worry about the verb from that すぎる is in up there, if you've not learnt it - all we need to know for now is how to join other verbs on to すぎる。 The only reason the verb ending is different is because we're talking about the act of thinking too much, rather than saying that anyone is actually thinking too much. I'm not going over stuff that complicated in this lesson!

In this case, the verb used in conjunction is 考える /考えます (かんがえる/かんがえます) - to think.


The polite non-past form of すぎる is すぎます.... So here's some simple examples using it. To add any verb, you just want to take the pre-ます part of any verb in its polite form.


「ニノ、ームをやりぎますよ!」
"Nino, you play games too much!"


やる = "to do" - plain non-past form
やります = Polite non-past form
やりすぎます = "too much" non-past form.

ニノはゲームをやります -> ニノゲームをやりすぎます
Nino plays games        --->     Nino plays games too much.


Of course the past form would use すぎた or すぎました

「今日、リーダーが食べ過ぎましたね」
「きょう、リーダーがたべすぎましたね」
"Today, Leader ate too much, didn't he?"



With い adjectives, you take off the final い and add すぎる/すぎます。


"ALL OR NOTHING" @ 02.30

昨日は遠すぎる
きのうはとおすぎる
Yesterday / subj. / far / too much
Yesterday is too far away


とおい -> とおすぎる
Far       ---->    Too far


For な adjectives, you just don't use the な, and put on すぎる/すぎます instead.

「翔ちゃんはラップが上手すぎます!」

「しょうちゃんはラップがじょうずすぎます!」
Sho-chan / subj. / rap / obj. / talented / too much
"Sho-chan is too talented at rap!"

(Note: same as in English - when it's a good thing coupled with "too", like "you're too cool!" it's usually a compliment rather than a literal statement that the person is TOO cool and should be less cool :P)



LEARN MORE ABOUT すぎる
HERE.

Comments? Questions? Ask away!

  • 1
I think this LJ is a great idea! It will be very useful seeing these examples, since I've been studying japanese for 6 months now, and the lessons are very well explained. Thank you!

this is very helpful...
especially for someone like me who's doing self study.
keep it up!!

i love this LJ very much! The layout is very comprehensive and the blog theme is very nice! :D maybe you can put romaji with the kanji words for some of us whose kanji is still not that strong yet :P

Whoo this is way too useful!
I learnt something new today, thanks guys! :D

  • 1
?

Log in